You've probably heard some people say fruits are bad for people with diabetes because they're sweet and also sources of carbohydrates, but that's not entirely true. Despite the many health benefits fruits have, some have high sugar, but not all.
Some fruits have low sugar content, while some have high sugar content.. which category do you think cantaloupes fit in?
Cantaloupes are a species of melon and they are of two different types: the North American cantaloupe, Cucumis melo reticulatus and the European cantaloupe-Cucumis Melo Cantalupensis. Both have distinct features, they are both orange-skinned and nutritious, but the North American variant's skin has the geometric structure of a net, while the European skin is slightly ribbed.
- Nutritional Facts of Cantaloupe
- Benefits of Cantaloupe for Diabetics
- Risks of Eating Cantaloupe
- How to choose a good cantaloupe
Many studies have revealed that the cantaloupe has a lot of immediate and long-term benefits with a lot of nutrients beneficial to people with diabetes. That doesn't mean it is going to treat your diabetes.
Nutritional Facts of Cantaloupe
Cantaloupe is packed with a whole lot of nutrients, and 90% of a cantaloupe is water, so Its glycemic load is low, and it helps keep you hydrated. 1 cup of cantaloupe usually contains 54 calories. Other nutrients include:
- Sodium: 26g
- Protein: 1g
- Carbohydrate: 14g
- Fiber: 1g
- Sugar: 13g
- Cholesterol: 0 mg
It also contains high contents of other minerals like calcium, manganese, magnesium, copper, potassium, iron, selenium, zinc, and phosphorus. And also, vitamins like; B vitamins, vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, folate which work together to help the body function properly and remain healthy.
Benefits of Cantaloupe for Diabetics
It may help reduce blood pressure.
People with diabetes are at risk of high blood pressure because glucose usually accumulates in the bloodstream. This can cause damage to the blood vessels and kidneys, and both play a vital role in maintaining blood pressure. There can be damage to the arteries causing atherosclerosis, which hardens them and makes them unable to stretch easily, putting an unnecessary burden on the blood vessels increasing the blood pressure.
This rise in blood pressure in a person with diabetes usually results in many complications like retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy, which are diabetic diseases of the eyes, kidneys, and neurons, respectively. Cantaloupe is low in sodium and high in potassium, and studies have shown that foods low in sodium and high in potassium help regulate blood pressure.
It helps improve heart health.
Eating cantaloupes can reduce your risk of heart diseases, heart attacks, or strokes. The fiber, potassium, and choline content all support heart health. When too high a blood glucose level occurs, it can damage blood vessels and the nerves that control the heart leading to atherosclerosis which means hardening the arteries. It reduces the blood flow rate to the heart and brain, which is usually the cause of heart attack and stroke.
Heart attacks can also be caused by increased levels of LDL, also known as bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Cantaloupe has no cholesterol, so there's no risk of an increase in cholesterol levels. And although it helps maintain blood sugar levels preventing further damage to the blood vessels and reducing the risk of people with diabetes suffering from heart diseases.
It keeps you hydrated.
People with diabetes are often dehydrated because the kidney excretes excess urine to rid the body of excess sugar. If the body becomes dehydrated and water is drawn from other sources like saliva and tears. Increasing your daily water intake can counter this, and since cantaloupe has a 90% water content, including it in your diet helps you stay hydrated.
Asides from that, both healthy people and people with diabetes should constantly be hydrated. Cantaloupe has a high water content that helps you stay hydrated. And in non-diabetics, studies have shown that increased water intake can reduce the risk of hyperglycemia and subsequent diabetes. Being hydrated also reduces the risk of complications usually associated with diabetes, like high blood pressure and heart problems.
It helps you control blood sugar levels.
The high water content of cantaloupe increases the water content in our bodies and helps the body flush out excess glucose, thereby reducing the blood glucose levels of people with diabetes. Although cantaloupe contains carbs and, when eating, can cause a momentary spike in your blood glucose levels, it contains fiber and other nutrients that control blood sugar levels over time. Also, cantaloupe has a low glycemic index of 4, which makes the body digest it slowly, preventing a sudden spike in blood sugar levels.
It is rich in antioxidants.
Cantaloupe is packed with antioxidants that are beneficial to the general health of the body. It boosts the functioning of the human immune system and helps treat a wide range of diseases and infections. Cantaloupe contains vitamin C, an essential vitamin for activating the immune system processing and its proper functioning.
It also contains compounds called phytonutrients that boost immunity and help in the attack against infectious diseases. And also, vitamin A that not only boosts immunity but is involved in the production of white blood cells. Antioxidants also fight against free radicals, free radicals damage DNA in cells, which often results in chronic inflammation, which can be a lot of trouble healthwise for people with diabetes. Eating a diet rich in antioxidants helps prevent damages caused by free radicals.
It helps prevent obesity and maintain a healthy body weight.
Cantaloupe contains fiber which activates a hormone called ghrelin that help you feel full. So when you eat cantaloupe you will avoid binge eating, which is sometimes the cause of unhealthy weight gain. Asides from that, cantaloupe has no cholesterol, which is another cause for unhealthy weight gain.
So eating cantaloupe reduces the risk of weight gain. Obesity is something diabetics should try to avoid at all costs because it is a risk factor for many diabetic complications, including high blood pressure and heart disease.
You can easily add it to your diet.
There's no one way to eat cantaloupe. You can dice the fruit and eat it fresh. You can make a tropical fruit salad and mix it with fruits like mangoes, papaya, and pineapple. Cantaloupe can also be sliced and added to lemonade or ice water, can be added into fruit kebabs, smoothies, or even fresh salsa. There are various fun ways of eating cantaloupe.
Risks of Eating Cantaloupe
Although cantaloupe has a lot of benefits, you should consume it only once in a while and in moderation. Risks associated with eating cantaloupe include:
Possible increase in blood sugar levels: although cantaloupes have a low glycemic load of 4, they have a glycemic index of 64 and fall within the moderate glycemic index range. Overeating cantaloupe increases the possibility of a rise in blood sugar levels. You can count the number of carbs to make sure you won't eat more than the daily required calorie intake for a day.
Kidney problems: cantaloupe has a high potassium content, and even if potassium is beneficial to the body and helps maintain blood pressure sometimes high potassium levels can lead to kidney damage.
Allergic reactions: people suffering from ragweed pollen allergies cannot eat cantaloupe. If they eat cantaloupe, their throats and lips may feel itchy, or they might experience swelling on their lips, tongues, and throats.
Contamination: Cantaloupes are prone to contamination because they're grown close to the ground. Before they get harvested, they might have been contaminated by bacteria from the soil, water or animals like salmonella or E.coli. The rough skin of the cantaloupe also increases the risk of it being infected as it can trap bacteria.
How to choose a good cantaloupe
Cantaloupes are available all year round but are sweetest in season, which is summer. When you're picking cantaloupes, look out for ones that are symmetrical and also a little heavy. They should also be firm and creamy, light yellow-orange. Try to pick ones that have no greens. Ripe cantaloupes have this summer-like smell, sweet and a little musky. Also, try to eat it within 3 days of purchase while it's still fresh.
Cantaloupes are very nutritious fruits and have many benefits for hair, skin, eyes and bones. People with diabetes can eat cantaloupes but they should eat them in moderation as overeating can cause some health problems.